How To Perform the California Bearing Ratio Test

CBR (California Bearing Ratio) It is the ratio of force per unit area required to penetrate a soil mass with a standard circular piston at the rate of 1.25 mm/min. to that required for the corresponding penetration of a standard material. The California Bearing Ratio Test CBR Testing is a penetration test developed by the California State Highway Department (U.S.A.) for evaluating the bearing capacity of subgrade soil for the design of flexible pavement.

Tests are carried out on natural or compacted soils in water soaked or un-soaked conditions and the results so obtained are compared with the curves of a standard test to have an idea of the soil strength of the subgrade soil.

APPARATUS

  • Mould
  • Steel Cutting collar
  • Spacer Disc
  • Surcharge weight
  • Dial gauges
  • IS Sieves
  • Penetration Plunger
  • Loading Machine
  • Miscellaneous Apparatus

CBR Test PROCEDURE

Normally 3 specimens each of about 7 kg must be compacted so that their compacted densities range from 95% to 100% generally with 10, 30 and 65 blows.

  • Weigh of empty mould
  • Add water to the first specimen (compact it in five layers by giving 10 blows per layer)
  • After compaction, remove the collar and level the surface.
  • Take a sample for determination of moisture content.
  • Weight of mould + compacted specimen.
  • Place the mould in the soaking tank for four days (ignore this step in case of unsoaked CBR.
  • Take other samples and apply different blows and repeat the whole process.
  • After four days, measure the swell reading and find %age swell.
  • Remove the mould from the tank and allow water to drain.
  • Then place the specimen under the penetration piston and place surcharge load of 10lb.
  • Apply the load and note the penetration load values.
  • Draw the graphs between the penetration (in) and penetration load (in) and find the value of CBR.
  • Draw the graph between the %age CBR and Dry Density, and find CBR at the required degree of compaction.

California Bearing Ratio test

Data – Observations & Calculations

Graph of Penetration vs Loading in California Bearing Ratio Test

Graph of CBR vs % Percent Compaction Graph

Hemp Seeds, One of the Ways to Rebalance and Detox Your Body

Unless you live in a pesticide and chemical-free environment and eat only 100% organic, there is an excellent chance that your body is overburdened, nutrient deficient and headed toward obesity and long term problems. North America, in particular, has been lulled by the food industry to eat supposedly safe, processed, packaged and canned foods. Well, you’ve been fooled long enough!

Almost every time you open a package to cook something, not only are you eating inferior food, but you are also, for the most part, eating MSG. (Even some organic foods). I cover this in an earlier article and I recommend you educate your self on this subject as well.

In the last 50+ years, man has changed the way we eat so much that the health our great grandparents enjoyed are difficult to obtain today. Not impossible but very difficult. Our big problem today is toxicity! Our bodies are toxic and over-acidic and we need to take steps to ward off future problems. Hemp seeds can help in a big way!

No other seed or nut that I know of can match the quality and balance of nutrients that the hemp seeds butter recipe has its ingredients. Flax seeds come close but the hemp seed contains the correct balance of Omega 3 and omega 6 essential oils as well as linoleic acid, vitamin E and trace minerals and is an impressive 33% protein.

Hemp seeds are an excellent solution for vegetarians.

Our diets today are often without the correct balance of nutrients, for example, if you take a calcium supplement, you may not be absorbing it into the body because calcium needs magnesium and something acidic with it like a bit of vinegar or lemon juice in water to be absorbed into the body. So it is with omega 3 and omega 6. You need both to provide the cells in the body what it needs otherwise imbalances occur.

You can take fish oils for omega 3 and 6 but if you don’t like the after taste or have concerns about our polluted lakes, rivers, and oceans, then eating hemp seeds or using cold-pressed hemp oil in salad dressings can be a great alternative. They have a mild nutty taste and can be added to just about any meal. It is best to start your morning with hemp seeds in your breakfast, (add it to cereals, yogurt or smoothies or grind them to make nut butter.) If you want to replace dairy you can make hemp milk a home. Here is a recipe;

2 cups of hulled hemp seeds 
Very hot water 
Blender 
Colander 
Hemp cloth or cheesecloth

Put the hemp seeds in the blender. Add hot water to about ¾ of the way. Place the lid on the blender and hold tight with your hands. Start the blender on the lowest setting so that the content doesn’t explode out of the blender. (Hot liquids can do that). Once your blender is working smoothly you can increase slowly up to high and blend for a couple of minutes. Place the colander into a large bowl, then place the cheesecloth into the colander. Slowly pour the milk into the colander. When all of the liquid is in the bowl, grab all four corners and squeeze out the remaining liquid. Pour the milk into a glass container with a lid and refrigerate. Use it anywhere you would regular milk.

The body needs healthy fats and hemp seeds have all the essential fatty acids your body wants. When your body starts getting the nutrition and the healthy fats it needs, it will start to detox and rebalance the body to the proper acid/alkaline state and this is what you want because disease only thrives in an overly acid body. Eating hemp seeds daily may restore luster to your hair, improve skin conditions and more importantly may improve cardiovascular health and who wouldn’t want that!

You may want to consider the benefits of eating organic fruits and vegetables in addition to hemp seeds to improve the overall health

Enjoy!

Best Tripods For Spotting Scopes Reviews 2019 – Birding & Hunting

The function of tripods is to provide stability for viewers, cameras, telescopes, rangefinders or hunting weapons. How do they do it? thus offering a support base that is usually supported on 3 legs, which can generally be adjusted to different heights according to the user’s requirements.

Although viewfinders and other equipment can be used without this support, when it is necessary to avoid variations in the pulse or to visualize at great distances it is always advisable to have the best birding tripod. In the latter case, having the best tripods to detect ranges is essential.

There are many types of existing tripods, there are for use in the audiovisual world, in photography and film, but also to support the weapons used for hunting or target shooting, telescopes, and binoculars used to contemplate nature in their habitat and also some used in topography and laboratories.

But also a tripod is of great help in other activities related to nature, especially those where it is required to have long-range viewers, to improve the experience and in all those where the pulse can make a difference, as is the case with Animal sightings or hunting. There are still more reasons to use tripods, for example, they are used in sports such as target shooting, in surveying studies and in laboratories when conducting experiments.

So, choose one for you now!

Gutter Cleaning Services – How Do They Clean Roof Gutters?

For an average homeowner, cleaning the gutter of the house can become a huge problem. However, with hiring gutter cleaning services, it is a matter of a few minutes. They have the right skills, experience as well as tools that help them in cleaning the gutters of your home in a jiffy. There are many systems that the professionals use and it might be interesting to explore why they use these tools. You can either learn to use them yourself or maybe strike a better cleaning deal with your gutter cleaning service providers. Remember, you always have to make sure that you follow the security specifications mentioned on the product manuals. Always operate from a safe distance and make sure that the ladder that you are using is steady and properly grounded. If you want to know the safest way to clean roof gutters, just follow these tips.

Professional Gutter Cleaning Solutions

One of the best Gutter Cleaning Southampton solutions that you would find around is vacuuming. This is especially used for dry leaves. The professionals often keep high-pressure vacuum systems with them. It usually requires the power of an industrial vacuum system with strength in the order of at least 3,000 watts or 200 CFM (Cubic feet per minute) of suction strength coming from at least a 50-millimeter diameter pipe, to be able to effectively remove leaves and debris from your roof gutters. Smaller systems and basic shop vacs have been tried and known to continuously block or clog up. The continuous air pressure sucks the dry leaves of the gutter away into a large storage tank which can be used as garden mulch or taken to the green waste tip as in most cases all by-products are completely eco-friendly. The best tool is the snorkel – A long hook shaped pipe which can be operated from the ground with a wireless camera, and the suction inlet sits inside the gutter which can be used from the ground, without having to climb onto the roof. This is the set up that most professional gutter cleaning services use for their cleaning system. As these leaves are very light, they easily get collected in the vacuum drum and are removed.

A method that can be used if you were to have a go yourself, is the bucket cleaning method. Just take a bucket and a leaf scooper and you would be able to remove the dry leaves manually from the guttering. However, this is a very time consuming task and ladder safety is really important here. The professionals use the water pressure hose for cleaning the gutter. This is usually done in the case of grime and dirt or other kinds of damp wastes. A high-pressure nozzle releases a targeted water stream that instantly cleans even the toughest grime from the guttering.

Gutter Cleaning Tools

A ladder that helps you look properly into the guttering is essential, even just as a preliminary or final inspection. It has to be extremely sturdy as it would be handling your weight and your rigorous activities as well. A leaf scooper is also necessary along with a bucket if you are using the bucket method. However, if you consider your own safety, it may be better to just call a professional gutter cleaning service to do the job for you. Remember, falling off a roof is not fun and can lead to serious injury, even death. Whatever you decide, play safe and use a harness or rope for additional safety if you need to climb onto your roof.


A Review of Popular Baseball Gloves

When shopping for a new best baseball glove brands, one has many brands, styles and fits to choose from. Companies make many gloves from various materials that can cost as little as $10 or as much as $250 for a custom made glove. The following is a brief review of companies that offer some of the best gloves on the market.

Rawlings Baseball Gloves

Perhaps the best-known and respected baseball glove is manufactured by Rawlings. Rawlings baseball gloves have been a favorite of amateurs and professionals for over eight years. They are most admired for their comfort and safety features as well as the range of prices. You can purchase the most expensive line of gloves for $300 or so, but Rawlings baseball gloves also come in cheaper versions, sometimes for $10 or less.

Nike Baseball Gloves

Nike is probably best known for its athletic shoes and other lines of athletic clothing. The company, however, has recently begun to manufacture its own line of baseball gloves. The Nike baseball glove has been gaining tremendous popularity in recent years. The most popular baseball gloves by Nike are the “Pro Gold” and “SDR” lines. The Pro Gold gloves are top of the line and usually retail for $100 or more, while the SDR baseball gloves start at around $60. Perhaps the best feature of Nike baseball gloves is the “dry finger” liner inside each glove which helps to keep fingers cool and reduce perspiration during play.

Mizuno Baseball Gloves

Mizuno baseball gloves are another popular brand in America. They are even more popular for Asian baseball players. This company offers at least 11 different styles of gloves, with a wide price range. The “Pro Limited” series can cost up to $250, but Mizuno baseball gloves are also available in cheaper models for around $20.

Nokona Baseball Gloves

Most baseball glove experts will agree that Nokona offers the best and highest quality gloves available to consumers. These are American-made gloves from Texas and the company has been manufacturing them since the early 20th century. The least expensive line of Nokona baseball gloves usually starts at around $125 and higher-end gloves can cost much more.
In addition to leather baseball gloves, Nokona also offers gloves made from buffalo and kangaroo hides.


Save a Life Through German Shepherd Rescue

German Shepherd rescue organizations are an important alternative to the dog pound for owners of purebred German Shepherd dogs who, for whatever reason, must give up their dogs. They may have gotten their German Shepherds with good intentions, but life brings changes, and many purebred German Shepherd dogs end up homeless because of deaths, marriages, moves, or children. Since the German Shepherd is such a great watchdog, many dogs are acquired to guard property. When the property changes hands, the watchdog is no longer needed, and instead of easing the dog into retirement as a house pet, some owners give their dogs away.

A German Shepherd dog owner who can’t find a new home for a German Shepherd can turn the dog over to a German Shepherd rescue organization. However, the owners should be certain they are being forced to give up their dog before they surrender their dog to a German Shepherd rescue organization. Luckily for the dogs, German Shepherd rescue organizations find homes for most of these unwanted dogs.

The German Shepherd is a confident breed whose friendship must be earned. Because an adult dog weighs 55 to 65 lbs, an out-of-control German Shepherd can be harmful to itself and its human companions. German Shepherd puppy training should begin at eight to ten weeks of age. However, owners of rescue dogs often know little or nothing about the training their dogs have received in the past.

German Shepherd rescue dog owners should take obedience training classes with their dogs. These classes are an enjoyable experience for owners and dogs alike, and they will either provide a review for a dog who received training earlier in life or much-needed structure for a German Shepherd who has never had formal training. German Shepherds crave leadership, and your dog will be relieved when you assume the responsibility for leadership in your relationship. In addition to discipline and training, adequate exercise is essential for a German Shepherd to keep the dog’s energy in balance.

If you have a German Shepherd that you must give up, contact a German Shepherd rescue group near you. Your dog must be current on its vaccinations and health care, and it must undergo a health check and personality evaluation. You will be asked to pay a modest fee to cover the expenses associated with taking your dog.

If you think that adopting a German Shepherd rescue dog might be right for you, contact your local German Shepherd group to find out what kind of dog might be right for you. You must be an adult and have the consent of all adults in your household before you will be considered as an adoptive parent of a German Shepherd rescue dog. If you rent your home, your landlord must provide written approval for you to adopt a dog.

The German Shepherd rescue group will match you with a dog and place the dog temporarily in your foster care to see how you and the dog get along. You will be required to pay a fee commensurate with the age and health of the dog you adopt. Charging adoption fees reinforces the commitment inherent in adopting a dog and eliminates would-be adopters who are not willing to make personal sacrifices to help the adoption succeed.

Maid Service – A Guide

Austin maid service is a good option for those of you who don’t get time to keep pace with your house cleaning chores. These chores must be done and since you may not have the time to complete them, you can hire cleaning services that provide professional maids.

These cleaning services provide many kinds of packages. Maid service is probably the most widespread among these. This includes broad-spectrum housework and cleaning and is done in general on a habitual basis, although just the one-time deals are also available. These maids are trained to carry out dusting, kitchen cleaning, vacuuming, and cleaning and disinfecting of restrooms.

The key is to know where you could do with cleaning yourself. Some can deal with cleaning some parts of their house while some might need the entire house to be cleaned. You must convey this to the maids clearly for the best results. This is the primary thing to be kept in mind while selecting the appropriate maid service. The subsequent thing to be taken care of is to decide how frequently you will need the service. Some services provide maids who come two times a week and in case of special events, more often. Some maids work only once a week. This hinges on your assessment of your requirements.

The next aspect to consider before hiring a maid service is the sum of money you are willing to payout. This is an important conclusion to come to since it is going to determine the kind of service you can hire.
Once you have thought through all the above aspects in choosing an appropriate maid service, you will need to take into consideration which hour of the day and which day of the week you would like the maids to come in. If you have children, then you may perhaps wish for them to come during the kids’ school hours. Some people, who want to ensure that their maids are not up to unscrupulous acts, would want them to come in when they are home.

Nevertheless, you also have to help out in some areas to some extent. This might mean opting for a few time periods and allowing the maid service you choose to have the freedom of choosing the best time among those periods. This is also a good way of ensuring that you get superior service.

Vinyl Fence Buyers – Research Before You Buy

Spring is just around the corner and so is fence buying season. If you’re one of the millions of homeowners who are seeking to provide their family the privacy and security they deserve you’re probably starting to think about purchasing a lifetime quality Vinyl Fence. In these tight economic times, you’ll want the most from your investment. So you need to make the right decisions. You need to thoroughly research such a large investment before you make it.

Most people don’t realize the simple fact, that just knowing the right questions to ask can save you thousand’s of dollars. The flip side to that coin is, not having the right information before you buy, can cause you plenty of headaches and heartaches. Take your time and research thoroughly before you buy. You need to do your due diligence to avoid a bad case of buyers remorse.

First and foremost, don’t believe everything you will hear. I know that you’ve been Google-ing “vinyl fence” hoping to get any information that will help you make that big decision. However, all you’ve been getting back are sales pitches from the countless numbers of vinyl fence companies trying to sell you their fence. They are not interested in making you an educated buyer they just want to make a sale.

You will hear many different things regarding the properties of vinyl. And believe me, you’ll hear many contradictory statements. Just bear in mind the suppliers and dealers you’ll be talking to, are all trying to sell you what they have to offer. Therefore their view of vinyl products is, in most cases, limited to what it is they are selling. You’ll run into quite a few opinions about vinyl. Just remember that is what they are, just opinions.

Let’s take a look at a few of the costly hazards that you need to investigate thoroughly. These are critical questions you need to find the answers to before you even start looking for a fence.

  • Not all Vinyl is created Equal – Did you know that there are different quality grades available and that commercial grade vinyl fence is superior to residential grade? Did you know that both virgin vinyl and recycled vinyl are readily available and that a company may be ready to sell you the recycled version and you would never know? Does it even matter? Did you know that there are different amounts of the very important ingredients (UV inhibitors and impact modifiers) in the vinyl which protect the fence from the sun’s rays and allow it to stand up to the elements? The highest quality fence is readily available at the best prices if you know what to look for and especially if you know what questions to ask and what info to gather.
  • Size really does Matter – Did you know that vinyl comes in varying sizes and thicknesses. One would think that the thickest is the strongest, or is it? The thickest vinyl is typically found in PVC pipe which can be in excess of ¼” thick. However, even thick PVC pipe (if exposed to the elements) will yellow and possibly turn brittle due to the fact that it hasn’t been blended with impact modifiers and UV Inhibitors. Thickness is extremely important BUT it is only one factor in the quality formula that is used to create commercial grade vinyl fence.
  • Where to buy? Internet VS Home Improvement Chain Stores – Did you know that you can generally get a higher quality fence over the internet than from those big-name home improvement stores? Why is this, what are the differences and what does one look for? This is very important and can make the difference from having a fence that will last you a lifetime VS one that may only last 10 years. Even though the ad from the local home improvement store shows their prices are unbeatable. There are hidden costs that will surprise you! Buyer beware, this can be very misleading.
  • What do you do before you do anything else? – Did you know that you may need a permit and that there may be code restrictions? I have seen these facts alone or not knowing them, cost people a lot of extra money and some real heartaches. Know how to make the proper decisions and how to get the proper information BEFORE making any buying decision.
  • Which company do you choose for your specific fence project? – There are so many places to buy a vinyl fence; the Major Manufacturers, the local fence company, internet companies, the local home improvement store? How does one pick the RIGHT one? Which one will provide the best product at the best price, while offering a comprehensive service? This information is invaluable.
  • Which questions do you ask to make the RIGHT decision? – Do you know the answer to this? Most people don’t. Not knowing what to ask and what information to gather opens the door for big MISTAKES. How can one get the best product, at the best price, with the very best service without knowing the proper questions to ask in the first place?
  • Understanding the shipping and receiving process- This is the trickiest part of the whole process and where many potential problems can happen. One must know exactly what to expect and how to prepare. With a thorough understanding of the process and by knowing what to expect, most if not all problems will be alleviated and you can expect a good experience.
  • Have you ordered everything to ensure a smooth installation? – This can save you a ton of money because if you don’t order everything you need for your unique project, you could possibly have to order more items. These additional items, along with the exorbitant costs to ship them, have wiped out many a well-planned budget. You need to know exactly what to discuss with your supplier to prevent any potential miscommunication which may lead to you not having EVERYTHING you will need.

As you can see, you need to thoroughly research a vinyl fence before you start calling the fence companies. Take your time and do your homework first. Seek out any and all information on the subject. Go to the library, search on the internet, there are consumer guides and references available to you such as the Better Business Bureau. Take advantage of them.

Vinyl Fencing can be costly and confusing but as I said earlier, dollar for dollar it is the best value on the market today. You have made a wise decision to purchase vinyl fencing. However, make sure that you get your money’s worth. You need to be an educated consumer before you can be a satisfied buyer.

Appointment Scheduling Software

Discover the secrets to improving client satisfaction and implement them into your day-to-day operations. Start by searching the Internet for “appointment scheduling software“. Appointment scheduling software has been around since the late 1990s but not until recently have salon and spa owners embraced the client-centered trend as a strategy to improve client satisfaction.

The integration of technology and the salon industry represents a very exciting opportunity for salon owners and their clients because the clients have the capability to book appointments at their discretion and convenience. Clients are more satisfied when they feel that their needs are being met on their terms.

Appointment scheduling software affords salon and spa owners the ability to book appointments even if the salon or day spa is closed or otherwise unavailable to schedule appointments. Appointment scheduling software extends your business hours long after the salon or spa has closed and your employees have gone home.

The salon or day spa owner can fully automate a stylish establishment for a modest investment and expect a robust return on investment.

Appointment scheduling software makes it easier for salons or day spa establishments that have limited or no staff other than the owner-operator to provide the type of client-centered service that makes all businesses successful.

For a salon or spa owner, discovering and implementing the secrets to client satisfaction will also dramatically improve your bottom line because word of mouth is the best form of advertising. So often clients complain about scheduling conflicts at the salon or spa. With appointment scheduling software there are no complaints. Appointment scheduling software can eliminate scheduling conflicts and that will improve client satisfaction the day you make it available to your clients.

For a spa or salon with limited or no staff, clients can determine if there is an opening at the time of the desired appointment without assistance. This leads to improved client satisfaction because the client does not have to wait and worse risk playing phone tag.

Making long-distance appointments online is done with ease for clients who travel especially into other time zones when his or her home salon is not usually open. This is a remarkable improvement.

The single owner-operator of salons and spas or owners with multiple locations and fully staffed can unintentionally let clients down with scheduling errors. Discover the secrets to improving client satisfaction for less than you spend on any other component designed to enhance the performance of your salon or spa.

Here are some of the features offered by appointment scheduling software:

  • Salon and spa owners can check the web-based appointment scheduling software from any location with Internet access.
  • Recurring appointments can be scheduled
  • Automatic email message appointment reminders is a time and money saver
  • Daily appointment reports
  • Exports to Outlook and to your iPhone
  • Online sales tracking
  • Will work without a network
  • Allows staff to log in and view their schedule
  • Allows front desk staff to attend to in salon or spa clients instead of just answering the phone

Show your clients that your salon or spa is client-centered. Discover one of the secrets to improving client satisfaction and test drive appointment scheduling software today.

Considering Cool Sculpting

About a dozen years ago I found myself very overweight. It had added up after 3 pregnancies. I had lost some, but not all of my pregnancy weight and by the time my third child was born I really needed to lose some weight. So, I did what most people do – I started working out and eating better. But, at the end I needed more and I wanted to know what the best body area for cool sculpting might be.

I was lucky in that I found a good friend to work out with. We had a nice friendly competition going so we spurred each other on. So, after about a year I looked great. The problem was that I still had some spots that had too much fat.

I don’t know if you know it or not, but there is no such thing as “spot reducing”. What that means is that you can’t just eat right and diet and expect to lose all your weight from your stomach area, for example. You will continue to lose weight from all over your body.

So, you may be wondering, what happens when you’ve lost all the weight you want to lose around the rest of your body but you still have those spots that you need to lose weight from? If you can’t spot reduce then what do you do? If you continue to lose weight all over when you really don’t need to just to lose the rest of the weight in those trouble spots won’t you end up looking emaciated?

And yes, if you continue to lose weight and you only have one or two trouble spots where you really need to lose weight, you may well start to look bad. The answer at that point is to find a safe procedure that can take out that excess fat just on those trouble spots.

cryolipolysis at home
cryolipolysis at home

That is where liposuction or an updated, non invasive alternative such as Cool Sculpt will come into play. You can even do cryolipolysis at home.

The nice thing is that the best body area for cool sculpting are those areas where most of us need it the most.

The spot reducing technique called Cool Sculpt, which is a cool laser targeted to fat cells in the skin, is one way to accomplish it. This method is non invasive and FDA approved and is approved to help you get rid of those unwanted pockets of fat on the stomach, hips, thighs, butt, flanks and back. In short, the areas most of us need it.

It is not recommended for small areas but lets face it; most of us don’t need it on small areas anyway.

So, if you’ve dieted and exercised, with your doctors approval of course, but you still have some trouble spots, techniques such as Cool Sculpt may be just what you need to get the total look you want.

And, since the best body area for cool sculpting are those areas that most of us tend to struggle with anyway it can be the answer to what you had hoped to accomplish.